occupies the northern and western parts of Negros Island,
the fourth largest island in the Philippines. The province is bounded
by the Visayan Sea on the north, Tanon Strait and Negros Oriental
on the east, guimaras Strait on the northwest, Panay Gulf on the
southwest and Sulu Sea on the south.
||Bacolod, Bago, Cadiz, Escalante,
Himamaylan, Kabankalan, La Carlota, Sagay, San Carlos, Silay,
Sipalay, Talisay, Victorias
||1st to 6th districts of Negros Occidental, district of Bacolod City
||Hiligaynon, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
The northern and western parts are largely level plains and gently-rolling
slopes. The remaining portion consists of mountain ranges of varied
Mt. Canlaon is the highest peak in the Visayas. Other major mountains
are Mt. Madalagan and Mt. Silay.
The coastline is more irregular than that of Negros Oriental.
The province has two pronounced seasons, wet and dry.
A Brief History___________________________
The Negros Island was originally called " Buglas", but
the Spaniards changed this to Negros because of the dark-skinned
Negritos that inhabited the area.
The first capital of the province was Ilog in 1743, and was later
transferred to Himamaylan. Bacolod became the province's capital
Negros Occidental officially became a province on March 10, 1917.
In 1986, the province was divided into two, with the northern
part declared as the province of Negros del Norte. Later that
year, however, the Supreme Court declared the creation unconstitutional
and eventually made Negros Occidental whole again.
The people are called Negrenses. Majority speak "Ilonggo"
or "Hilligaynon" and the rest, particularly in the areas
bordering Negros Oriental, speak "Cebuano".
Residents of Bacolod City, the capital, are called "Bacoleños".
Commerce and Industry_____________________
Negros Occidental is known for its sugar, making it the country's
"sugar bowl". It produces more than half of the country's
sugar. Fifteen sugar centrals are located throughout the province.
Other crops, however, are brought in from neighbouring provinces
because of the priority given to sugar cane. With the recent plunge
in world sugar prices, the province is beginning to grow new crops
like coffee, black pepper, ramie, among others.
Fishponds can be found in the city of Cadiz.
One of the biggest copper mines in the country is found in Sipalay
Getting There and Away_____________________
Ferries and fastcrafts from Iloilo, Cebu, and neighbouring island
provinces depart for Bacolod on a regular basis.
Domestic flights fly from other provinces to Bacolod and vice