Mindoro Oriental Province
occupies the eastern part of the island of Mindoro. It is bounded
on the north by the Verde Island Passage, on the east by Tablas
Strait, on the west by Occidental Mindoro, and on the south by Semirara
|| 4 364.7 sq
|| 550 049
|Number of Towns:
The province´s varied topography is dominated by rugged
mountain ranges on the west and fertile valleys towards the eastern
The Halcon mountain range runs from north to south and serves
as the province´s natural boundary with Occidental Mindoro.
Mt. Halcon is the fourth highest peak in the Philippines.
The province does not have pronounced dry or rainy periods but
is open to southwest monsoons and typhoons.
A Brief History___________________________
In the early 17th century, the island of Mindoro was separated
from Bonbon (now Batangas) and organized into a "corregimiento".
Puerto Galera, what is now Oriental Mindoro, was made its capital.
In 1837, the capital was transferred to Calapan and remained
until June 13, 1950, when Mindoro was divided into two provinces.
Oriental Mindoro retained Calapan as its capital.
Mindoro originally included the island of Maestro de Campo, east
of Pinamalayan, but the island has since become a part of Romblon.
Tagalog is the main dialect spoken. Other dialects spoken include
Ilocano, Cebuano, and Mangyan.
The Mangyans were among the earliest inhabitants of Mindoro.
The term Mangyan is a generic name for the diverse groups inhabiting
the mountains and foothills.
Commerce and Industry_____________________
Agriculture is the major economic activity in the province.
The principal products are rice, coconut, corn, citrus and other
fruits. Cattle and poultry raising, and rubber planting are done
in large-scale. Fishing is lucrative, with 13 coastal towns as
rich fishing grounds.
The province has abundant mineral resources. Gold, coal, white
marble and slate deposits are some of minerals mined in the province.
Getting There and Away_____________________
Ferries from Batangas travel to the province daily.
Puerto Galera is a major tourist destination. Its numerous white
beaches are ideal for water skiing, windsurfing, scuba diving, snorkeling,
boating and swimming.
Aside from its beaches, Puerto Galera has other attractions. A
mini-museum in the compound of the Catholic Church displays valuable
Chinese artifacts and porcelain dishes from the island´s early
The marble Cross at Muelle is a landmark in memory of the crew
of a Spanish warship which sank in 1879.
Tamaraw Falls, the largest waterfall in the province, is 131 meters
above sea level with a natural swimming pool at its base.
The Marble Quarry in Mt. Talipandan is where 17 different kinds
of marble are extracted.
Map of Mindoro Oriental
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