a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital
is Legazpi City and the province borders the Camarines Sur to the north and Sorsogon
to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf leading to the Philippine
Sea, and to the southwest is Burias Pass.
Mayon Volcano is the symbol most
associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano forms
a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.
Area:|| 2,552.6 km²|
2000 census1,090,907 (22nd largest).|
Density427 per km² (10th
|| Legazpi City, Ligao City, Tabaco City|
|Number of Towns: ||
People and Culture__
Based on the May 2000 census, Albay has a total population of 1,090,907, which
makes it the 22nd most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households
in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than
the national average of 4.99.
Languages. Bicolano is the primary language
spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. Majority of the inhabitants
also understand Tagalog and English.
industries. Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops
as coconut, rice, sugar, and abaca. Handicrafts is the major source of rural income.
It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the
province. Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture
of abaca products such as Manila hemp, hats, bags, mats, and slippers is one of
the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both
shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Mayon Volcano, also draws
income for Albay.
Heavy manufacturing industries. Of the total 6,369 manufacturing
establishments of varied sizes in the Bicol Region, 48.6% are located in Albay.
Bicol's largest industrial sites are in Albay: Tiwi and Manito boast geothermal
energy plants, Camalig has the Goodfound Cement Factory, Daraga has its Isarog
Pulp and Paper Company, Legazpi City has Bicol Hair, and Legaspi Oil Company and
two other large coconut oil milling plants, making Albay top foreign currency
earner this part of Luzon. 
Transportation. Albay is also the region's
principal transshipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National,
Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port (under construction in 2003).
Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international
flights in the near future. Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol's gateway to Manila
and the Visayas.
is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities. Three of them, Tiwi, Daraga,
and Legazpi City are classified as 1st class cities/municipalities. Before being
converted into a city in March 2001, Tabaco City used to be a first class municipality.
- Ligao City
- Tabaco City
- Pio Duran
- Santo Domingo
has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest
province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula and it has four
major islands to the east: Rapu-Rapu, Batan (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraray (part
of Bacacay), and San Miguel (part of Tabaco City).
Lagonoy Gulf borders
the province to the northeast, separating it from the province of Catanduanes.
Burias Island in the province Masbate can be found to the southwest across Burias
The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains
and valleys. Mayon Volcano, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous
landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicol, in fact. This active volcano is
nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful than Mt.
Fuji in Japan. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga,
Malinao, and Pantao.
Albay and its surrounding areas
were known as Ibalon when Juan de Salcedo and 120 soldiers explored it in 1573.
Sawangan, a small settlement by a mangrove swamp, became a town called Albaybay
(which means by the bay) in 1616. The town was first renamed Albay,
then Legazpi, as Albay went on to refer to the province.
In 1846, the islands
of Masbate, Ticao, and Burias were separated from Albay to form the comandancia
of Masbate. Albay was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tobaco,
Sorsogon, and Catanduanes. In 1894, Sorsogon became a separate province and Catanduanes
in 1945. The province of Albay itself was created on March 10, 1917.
1649, the natives rebelled against their recruitment to Cavite to build galleons.
In 1814, Mayon Volcano erupted, killing 1,200 people and burying the town of Cagsawa.