occupies the southern tip of the Cordillera Mountain Range in the
northern part of the Luzon Island. It is bounded on the north by
Ilocos Sur and the Mountain Province, on the east by Ifugao and
Nueva Vizcaya, on the west by La Union, and on the south by Pangasinan.
Baguio City, the summer capital of the Philippines, is located in
the south central part of the Benguet Province.
||691,209 Incl. Baguio City (2010)
||Lone district of Benguet,
Lone district of Baguio City
||Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, Kalanguya, Bontoc, Ilocano, Tagalog, English
Benguet is a plateau located about 1500 meters above sea level.
Its rugged and sloping terrain is dotted with hot springs and
rivers that drain into the valleys throughout the province.
Mt. Pulog, the second highest mountain of the country, can be
Benguet possesses a pleasantly cool climate. It has wet and dry
seasons of equal duration. From time to time, the province experiences
heavy rainfall due to its elevation.
A Brief History___________________________
In 1908, Benguet became one the provinces absorbed by the newly-created
On June 18, 1966, the old Mountain Province was divided into
four provinces, one of which was Benguet.
As a result of a peace accord between the government and local
revolutionaries, on July 15, 1987, the Cordillera Administrative
Region was created. The province, subsequently, became a part
Benguet is the homeland of three tribes, collectively referred
to as Igorots. The Ibaloi in the southeast, the Kankanai in the
northwest and the Kalanguaya in the east.
All three tribes live in single-room houses raised on posts and
topped by a pyramidal-thatched roof. They share common beliefs
and observe common rituals. Their main source of income is through
wood-carving, basket-making, and weaving.
The Ibalois speak Nabaloy, a dialect similar to Pangasinense.
Kankanais speak Kalkali, which is related to the Bontoc dialect.
Commerce and Industry_____________________
Because of its temperate climate and magnificent scenic spots,
tourism contributes much to its economy.
Benguet's leading agricultural activity is vegetable production.
The major crops produced are white potatoes, beans, peas, strawberries,
cabbage, lettuce and, carrots.
Agri-based business activities include monggo processing, fruit
preservation, peanut brittle production, broom-making, basket
weaving, and floriculture.
Gold as well as copper, pyrite, and limestone are mined in the
Getting There and Away_____________________
Buses from Manila travel to Baguio daily.
Domestic flights from Manila are also available.
Different places of interest can be seen in Baguio City. Of these
places, the more popular ones are Burnham Park, Mines View Park,
and the Philippine Military Academy.
Kennon Road is a 32km-zigzag road starting from the La Union-Benguet
boundary and ending in Baguio City. The upward climb reveals picturesque
heights and lush greenery. The Bridal Veil and Colorado Falls can
be seen along the way.
The Mummies of Kabayan is another tourist attraction. These are
placed in capsule-shaped coffins and buried in caves in high cliffs.
Some of these are brought down to the Kabayan Museum for exhibition.
Others are displayed in the office of the governor at the Benguet