is on the western coast of Central Luzon. It is bounded on the north
by Pangasinan, on the east by Tarlac and Pampanga, on the south
by Bataan and on the west by the South China Sea.
|| 3 714 sq km
|| 600 000
|Number of Towns:
The province has lowlands along the narrow coast where the town
centers are located.
The northern part is basically swampy.
Mountain ranges, containing vast precious mineral deposits, as
well as some volcanos, are found in the eastern portion. The recent
eruption of Mount Pinatubo, on the the boundary between Zambales
and Pampanga, has changed the landscape of the province. Certain
parts are submerged under lahar and have somtimes given rise to
There are two pronounced seasons in the province: dry from November
to April, and wet the rest of the year.
A Brief History___________________________
The name of the province is derived from its earliest inhabitants,
the Zambals. They worship spirits called "anitos", thus
they were reffered to as "Sambali" from the Malay word
samba, meaning "to worship". The term was later Hispanicized
Zambales was one of the earliest provinces created during the
Spanish rule. As founded in the 16 th century. it comprised an
area extending from Cape Bolinao in the north to Subic Bay in
the south. Due to their inaccessibilty from the capital, seven
towns in the northern portion of Zambales, from Bolinao to Infanta
and including Alaminos, were later ceded to Pangasinan, forming
its western part.
Zambales is the home province of the seventh president of the
Republic, Ramon Magsaysay, who hailed form Castillejos.
The inhabitants are composed of three principal ethnic groups:
the Ilocanos, Tagalogs and Zambals.
The forebearers of the Zamabals where the Malay migrants from
Celebes who settled in the north.
The Tagalogs came from the east and settled at the southern end,
while the Ilocanos occupied the areas between. These newcomers
drove the aborigines to the hinterlands.
Tagalog is the predominant dialect, followed by Ilocano and Zambal.
Commerce and Industry_____________________
Zambales is basically an agriculture province. The chief products
are rice, corn, vegetables and rootcrops. Major industries include
farming, fishing and mining.
The province's mineral resources include gold, copper and chromite.
Olongapo, once the site of the biggest US naval base in Asia,
is fast developing into an industrial and tourism zone under the
Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority.
Getting There and Away_____________________
Buses are availble from Manila daily.
Map of Zambales Province
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